Whānau is often translated as ‘family’, but its meaning purdue owl apa is more complex. It includes physical, emotional and spiritual dimensions and is based on whakapapa. Whānau can be multi-layered, flexible and dynamic. Whānau is based on a Māori and a tribal world view.

It is through the whānau that values, histories and traditions chiefessays.net from the ancestors are adapted for the contemporary world.